The Union Law Ministry has been allocated Rs 1,005 crore from the central budget to provide funds to the Election Commission for the purchase of voting units, control units and voting units. Voter Verifiable Papers Audit Testing (VVPATS), and ancillary expenses on EVMs and the destruction of obsolete Voting Machines.
A control unit, at least on the polling union and a VVPAT or paper trail machines constitute an EVM.
Obsolete EVMs are destroyed under the supervision of an expert unit following a defined protocol. A voting machine has an average lifespan of 15 years.
Bharat Electronics Ltd (BEL) and Electronics Corporation of India Limited (ECIL) are the two public sector companies that manufacture EVM.
The ministry was also allocated 100 crore rupees for the 2019 elections in Lok Sabha. The provision is intended to cover “deferred responsibilities” with respect to costs related to the conduct of the Lok Sabha general elections, according to the budget document.
Another crore of Rs 7.20 has been allocated for voter photo ID cards.
The provision provides for reimbursement from the central government to the governments of states and Union territories upon issuance of voter ID cards.
Under the heading “other election expenses”, the ministry was allocated 57.10 crore rupees. The provision relates to reimbursement from the central government of normal election expenses to state and Union territory governments and the cost of preparing and printing voters lists, according to the document.
Separately, the electoral commission received 249.16 crore rupees. The provision is mainly intended for the expenses related to the establishment of the electoral office and the expenses to be incurred for the purchase of land and the activities prior to the construction of an additional building for the Election Commission.
The additional building is coming to Dwarka.