Law rules

DTI drafts vape law rules as studies show no impact on indoor air quality

According to peer-reviewed scientific studies, the vapors produced by smokeless alternatives to cigarettes such as vapes and heated tobacco products have no negative impact on indoor air quality unlike the smoke from combustible cigarettes.

Studies provide evidence that smokeless products do not negatively affect air quality in enclosed spaces and may provide smokers with a much less harmful way to consume nicotine, while reducing exposure to non- smokers to harmful second-hand smoke.

The Philippines recently enacted the Vaporized Nicotine and Non-Nicotine Product Regulation Act or Republic Act No. 11900 to regulate vapes and HTPs, providing adult smokers with less harmful alternatives to cigarettes in an effort to reduce the rate of smoking that affects more than 16 million people. Filipinos.

The Department of Trade and Industry is finalizing draft implementing rules and regulations for RA 11900, according to Commerce Undersecretary for the consumer protection group, Ruth Castelo. She said the DTI would also consult with the Food and Drug Administration as a first step in drafting the TRI.

“In a few days, we will begin consultation with the FDA. After that, we will proceed with the public consultation with stakeholders, retailers and users, to get their feedback,” she said.

“The DTI will follow what is stipulated in the law. We will not refuse the responsibilities incumbent upon us. In fact, we prepared for it. We have the ability to test devices since we have, in our possession, the test machines,” said Castelo.

A 2018 study published in ScienceDirect found that emissions from heated tobacco products are reduced to indoor air compared to those from conventional cigarettes. The researchers said that HTPs had a significantly lower impact on indoor air quality than conventional combustible cigarettes due to the significantly lower emissions profile of aerosol particles and chemical emissions.

It concluded that HTPs had significantly less impact on indoor air quality and that their emissions were significantly less odorous than those of conventional cigarettes and their emissions.

A 2017 study by researchers from the Research Center for Preventive Toxicology, Food and Chemical Safety of LI Medved, Ministry of Health of Ukraine, also found that when using heated tobacco products in enclosed spaces, substances such as benzo(a)pyrene, nicotine and ammonia were not detected.

“Unlike conventional cigarettes, the actual content of air safety indicators (carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, and formaldehyde) in indoor air during and after consumption of an electrically heated tobacco system does not matter. no cases exceeded the threshold limit value for atmospheric air,” said the study published in the Ukrainian Journal of Modern Problems of Toxicology.

A 2019 scientific research published by the global publication SpringerLink evaluated the air quality of HTPs under simulated residential conditions. Researchers led by Dr. Maya I. Mitova stated that under simulated “residential category III” environmental conditions, only two compounds (nicotine and acetaldehyde) and one specific compound (former aerosol glycerin) were attributable to indoor use. PTH, but below harmful levels.

“Quantified indoor use airborne concentrations of the three compounds (HTPs) in high load simulated residential environment studies were below harmful levels defined by competent authorities. Thus, normal hygiene measures, such as regular ventilation of residential spaces, would lead to effective control of these low to negligible pollution levels,” the study states.

“In conclusion, the use [of HTPs] in an indoor environment, where indoor exposure standards for adequate ventilation are met, does not adversely affect overall indoor air quality,” the researchers said.

Another 2018 study by researchers from Kaunas University of Technology in Lithuania compared indoor concentrations of toxic substances and 2.5 particulates and discussed concentrations of other harmful and potentially harmful substances.

“In the controlled environment, use of a tobacco heating system or HRT (as well as an e-cigarette) resulted in the lowest concentrations of formaldehyde, benzene, toluene, and PM2, 5 among the most studied sources of pollution. [conventional cigarettes, waterpipe, incense, mosquito coils]said authors Violeta Kauneliene, Marija Meisutovic-Akhtarieva and Dainius Martuzevicius in the study published by ScienceDirect.

“These data indicate that levels of key indoor air pollution markers in the event of environmental aerosol HRT may be too low to be distinguished from background, raising additional challenges for epidemiological studies aimed at assessing the ‘secondary exposure in real-life environments,’ they said.

These studies show that while combustible cigarettes produce smoke that contains thousands of toxic substances, alternative products that produce vapor are far less harmful to consumers. The vapor emitted can also significantly reduce non-consumer exposure to these chemicals, even indoors.

Nicotine, although addictive, is relatively harmless, according to the British National Health Service. It is the smoke from combustion that causes almost all of the harm from smoking. Vaping or using e-cigarettes, on the other hand, is considered a better way to deliver nicotine without burning or combustion.

“E-cigarettes meet many of the criteria of an ideal product to reduce the harm of tobacco. Although the nicotine delivery of e-cigarettes depends on several factors, […]they may contain a high dose of nicotine, but do not contain harmful components of tobacco smoke,” said the Royal College of Physicians in the UK.

Smokeless products have begun to replace combustible cigarettes in countries that recognize tobacco harm reduction policy, a pragmatic approach that aims to reduce the harms of cigarettes by using less harmful alternative products such as vapes and cigarettes. PH.

The UK has seen smoking rates fall by 25% since 2013 or when vaping became popular, while Japan has also seen cigarette sales fall by 34% in four years as smokers switched to HTPs.