The Legislative Department of the Ministry of Union Law is the nodal body responsible for dealing with matters related to the Election Commission and Election Laws.
A sum of Rs 1525 crore has been allocated to provide funds to the Electoral Commission for the purchase of Voting Units, Control Units and Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trial Units (or paper track machines) and ancillary expenditure on electronic voting machines and the destruction of obsolete voting machines.
A control unit and at least one voting unit form an EVM.
Following a rigorous protocol, old EVMs are destroyed under the supervision of a panel of experts. An EVM has an average lifespan of 15 years.
Under the direction of the Election Bodies, a total of Rs 292 crore has been allocated, including Rs 180 crore for Lok Sabha elections and Rs 18 crore for voter photo ID cards.
The provision for Lok Sabha elections is intended to address “deferred liability” with respect to the costs of conducting parliamentary elections. The last Lok Sabha elections were held in 2019.
The provision for voter ID cards relates to central government reimbursement to states and UTs when issuing photo ID cards to voters.