The Union Law Ministry has been allocated Rs 1,005 crore in the central budget to provide funds to the Election Commission for the purchase of Voting Units, Control Units and Control Units. Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trial (VVPATS), and ancillary spending on Electronic Voting Machines (EVMs) and destruction of obsolete voting machines.
A control unit, at least on the voting union and a VVPAT or paper track machines constitute an EVM.
Obsolete EVMs are destroyed under the supervision of an expert unit following a defined protocol. A voting machine has an average lifespan of 15 years.
Bharat Electronics Ltd (BEL) and Electronics Corporation of India Limited (ECIL) are the two public sector companies that manufacture the EVM.
The ministry has also been allocated Rs 100 crore for the 2019 Lok Sabha elections. The provision is intended to cover “deferred liability” for costs related to the conduct of the Lok Sabha general elections, the budget document says.
Another Rs 7.20 crore was allocated for voter photo ID cards.
The provision concerns reimbursement from the central government to state and union territory governments when issuing voter identification cards.
Under ‘other election expenses’, the ministry was allocated Rs 57.10 crore. The provision is for reimbursement of the central government’s share of normal election expenses to state and union territory governments and the cost of preparing and printing voter lists, according to the document.
Separately, the electoral commission received Rs 249.16 crore. The provision mainly relates to the expenses related to the establishment of the polling station and the expenses to be incurred for the purchase of land and the pre-construction activities of an additional building for the electoral commission.
The additional building must be constructed in Dwarka.
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