In order to reduce the number of cases pending before the courts, the Ministry of Law and Justice has proposed certain measures, such as the implementation of a rule of three adjournments in all cases.
According to the plan, the 30-year-old business is expected to be completed by 2025, while the 20-30-year-old business is expected to be completed by 2028. Similarly, the 10-20-year-old business is expected to be completed by 2033 and the cases that are five years old are expected to be completed by 2047.
It is hoped that if the plan is followed, there will be a 60% reduction in pending cases by 2030. As a result, a 90% reduction in pending cases could be expected by 2047.
The high court model of Gujarat and Punjab, where morning and evening courts are held for gradual reduction of backlogs when the number of pending cases is high, has also been proposed.
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It was also suggested that all state governments, in coordination with their respective high courts, consider appointing court managers as a separate executive responsible for both court management and non-judicial administrative work. This would allow bailiffs to focus solely on settling cases, while court-related tasks that do not require the presence of a judge could be delegated to these specialized handlers.
Reiterating the views of Chief Justice of India NV Ramana, the ministry also suggested that all state governments should consider developing an action plan for a special arrears clearance campaign to reduce the number of services of the central secretariat (CSS) of the courts to which the government is a party, and that no unnecessary adjournment with respect to government litigation before the courts be requested, except in exceptional and unforeseen circumstances.
The plan added that virtual hearings would be allowed to reduce unnecessary adjournments.
“To monitor the average time to adjudicate civil and criminal cases, the Supreme Court and respective high courts may consider publishing the average adjudication time of civil and criminal cases on their respective official websites,” a ministry official said. to India. Today .
The ministry has also proposed to make case management hearings mandatory for all cases, implement case flow management for all courts using information and communication technology (ICT ), automated random assignment of cases using ICT, mandatory electronic filing in all types of cases and the use of e-summons to reduce the backlog of cases.
The Supreme Court currently has 7,0632 pending cases, while the 25 high courts have 58.8 lakh and the district courts have 4.10 crore.
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