Law commission

UP Law Commission releases population control bill; recommends the standard of two children; reward for one-child families; penalties for breaking the rule

Jhe The Uttar Pradesh Law Commission has released a draft “Uttar Pradesh People (Control, Stabilization and Welfare) Act 2021” which aims to provide various incentives to officials who choose to follow the standard of the two children. Those who choose to violate it will not be eligible for government jobs and government grants.

The Commission has solicited public input to the bill by July 17.

Incentives to civil servants

Civil servants under the control of the state government who adopt the two-child standard by undergoing a voluntary sterilization operation on himself or his spouse will receive the following incentives:

  • two additional increments for the duration of the service;
  • Grant for purchase of land or house site or built house from the Housing Board or Development Authority as may be prescribed;
  • subsidized loan for the construction or purchase of a house at nominal rates of interest, as may be prescribed;
  • discount on charges for utilities such as water, electricity, water, council tax, as may be prescribed;
  • Maternity leave or, as the case may be, paternity leave of 12 months, with full salary and allowances;
  • three per cent increase in the employer’s contribution to the national pension fund
  • free health care and insurance coverage for the spouse; and
  • other benefits and incentives that may be prescribed.

The bill also aims to provide additional incentives to public servants who have only one child and who undergo a voluntary sterilization operation on themselves or their spouse. These incentives will include-

  • two additional increments throughout the service;
  • free health care and insurance coverage for the only child until he reaches the age of twenty;
  • preference for only one child on admission to all educational institutions including but not limited to Indian Institute of Management, All India Institute of Medical Science, etc. ;
  • free education up to degree level;
  • graduate scholarship in case of daughter;
  • preference for an only child in government jobs; and
  • other benefits and incentives that may be prescribed.

According to the bill, any public servant who violates the two-child standard will not be eligible for promotion.

As for the general public, any individual who adopts the two-child standard by undergoing a voluntary sterilization operation on himself or his spouse will enjoy the incentives and benefits of-

  • soft loan for the construction or purchase of a house at nominal interest rates, as may be prescribed;
  • discount on charges for utilities such as water, electricity, water, council tax, as may be prescribed;
  • Maternity leave or, as the case may be, paternity leave of 12 months, with full salary and allowances;
  • three per cent increase in the employer’s contribution to the national pension fund

Special allowance for couples living below the poverty line

A couple living below the poverty line, having only one child and undergoing voluntary sterilization will be eligible for payment by the government of a one-off lump sum of Rs 80,000 if the only child is a boy, and Rs 100,000 if he is a girl.

Disincentives, Revocation of Incentives

The bill seeks to punish those who violate the two-child standard. He will understand-

  • Prohibiting the benefit of government-sponsored welfare schemes,
  • Limit of ration card units up to four,
  • Other deterrent measures that may be prescribed.

Prohibition against contesting election to local body

Those who choose to breach the two-child standard will not be eligible to stand for election to local authorities or any local self-government bodies.